Numerical input and output
(number->string z ) procedure
(number->string z radix ) procedureIt is an error if radix is not one of 2, 8, 10, or 16.
The procedure number->string takes a number and a radix and returns as a string an external representation of the given number in the given radix such that
(let ((number number) (radix radix)) (eqv? number (string->number (number->string number radix) radix)))is true. It is an error if no possible result makes this expression true. If omitted, radix defaults to 10.
If z is inexact, the radix is 10, and the above expression can be satisfied by a result that contains a decimal point, then the result contains a decimal point and is expressed using the minimum number of digits (exclusive of exponent and trailing zeroes) needed to make the above expression true [4, 5]; otherwise the format of the result is unspecified.
The result returned by number->string never contains an explicit radix prefix.
Note: The error case can occur only when z is not a complex number or is a complex number with a non-rational real or imaginary part.
Rationale: If z is an inexact number and the radix is 10, then the above expression is normally satisfied by a result containing a decimal point. The unspecified case allows for infinities, NaNs, and unusual representations.
(string->number string ) procedure
(string->number string radix ) procedureReturns a number of the maximally precise representation expressed by the given string. It is an error if radix is not 2, 8, 10, or 16.
If supplied, radix is a default radix that will be overridden if an explicit radix prefix is present in string (e.g. "#o177"). If radix is not supplied, then the default radix is 10. If string is not a syntactically valid notation for a number, or would result in a number that the implementation cannot represent, then string->number returns #f.
An error is never signaled due to the content of string.
(string->number "100") ==> 100 (string->number "100" 16) ==> 256 (string->number "1e2") ==> 100.0
Note: The domain of string->number may be restricted by im- plementations in the following ways. If all numbers supported by an implementation are real, then string->number is permit- ted to return #f whenever string uses the polar or rectangular notations for complex numbers. If all numbers are integers, then string->number may return #f whenever the fractional nota- tion is used. If all numbers are exact, then string->number may return #f whenever an exponent marker or explicit exact- ness prefix is used. If all inexact numbers are integers, then string->number may return #f whenever a decimal point is used.
The rules used by a particular implementation for string->number must also be applied to read and to the routine that reads programs, in order to maintain consistency between internal numeric processing, I/O, and the processing of programs. As a consequence, the R5RS permission to return #f when string has an explicit radix prefix has been withdrawn.